ଓଡିଶା ଐତିହ

କାନରେ କୁହେ

Culture of Odisha (ଓଡ଼ିଶା)


Odissi, also known as Orissi is one of the eight classical dance forms of India. It starts from the state of Odisha, in eastern India.It is especially different from other classical Indian dance forms by the importance it places upon the Tribhangi (literally: three parts break), the independent movement of head, chest and hip and upon the basic square (way of standing/way of thinking) known as Chauka or Chouka that shows (by using a physical object to represent an idea or emotion) Lord Jagannath.This dance is seen as different Bhangas ((way of standing/way of thinking)), which involves stamping of the foot and striking different (ways of standing/attitudes) as seen in Indian sculptures. The common Bhangas are Bhanga, Abanga, Atibhanga and Tribhanga.Odissi classical dance is about the wonderful/God-related love of Krishna and his partner Radha, mostly drawn from compositions by the important/famous Oriya poet Jayadeva, who lived in the 12th century CE.

Chhau dance (or Chau dance) is a form of tribal martial dance attributed to origins in Mayurbhanj princely state of Odisha and seen in the Indian states of West Bengal, Jharkhand and Odisha.

Mahari Dance is one of the important dance forms of Odisha. Mahari dance, started in the temples of Odisha. History of Odisha provides (event(s) or object(s) that prove something) of the Devadasi (group of people with very strong beliefs) in Odisha. Devadasis were dancing girls who were dedicated to the temples of Odisha. The Devadasis in Odisha were known as Maharis and the dance (sang, danced, acted, etc., in front of people) by them came to be known as Mahari Dance.

Pala is a (like nothing else in the world) form of balladry in Odisha, which artistically combines elements of theatre, classical Odissi music, highly made better/made more pure Oriya and Withoutkrit poetry, clever humor, and humour. The literal meaning of Pala is turn. It is more fancy (or smart) than the other Oriya song-related tradition, Daskathia.Pala can be presented in three different ways. First one is known as Baithaki Pala or `seated`, in which the performers sit on the ground throughout. The other one is Thia Pala or `standing`, which is much/a lot more popular and beautifully more making happy (by meeting a need or reaching a goal). The third one is called the Badi Pala, which is a kind of Thia Pala, in which two groups fight for excellence. This is the most entertaining, as there is a little bit of competition.

Gotipua dance is another form of dance in Odisha. In Oriya everyday speech language Gotipua means single boy. The dance performance done by a single boy is known as Gotipua dance. When (loving fancy things too much) and declination came in to Devadasi or Mahari tradition due to different reasons this Gotipua dance tradition changed (and got better) as story (after this one) as these performance were practiced to please God.

LANGUAGE (ଓଡିଆ ଭାଷା)

A direct progenitor of eastern Magadhi, Oriya is the principal and related to a large area language of Odisha. Mughalbandi Odia is considered as proper or Standard Odia due to literary traditions.

Mughalbandi Odia is spoken in Puri, Khurdha, Cuttack, Jajpur, Jagatsinghpur, Kendrapada, Anandapur, Dhenkanal, Angul and Nayagarh district with little variance. Oriya has developed many linguistic variations, such as

Baleswari Odia: Spoken in Baleswar, Bhadrak and Mayurbhanj districts.

Ganjami Odia: Spoken in Ganjam and Gajapati districts.

Desiya Odia: Spoken in Koraput, Rayagada, Nowrangpur and Malkangiri Districts.

Sambalpuri Odia: Spoken in Bargarh, Bolangir, Boudh, Debagarh, Jharsuguda, Kalahandi, Nuapada, Sambalpur, Subarnapur and Sundargarh districts.


Odisha is a state of rich cultural history, which is reflected in its costumes also. The artists who make things of Orissa have passed their beautiful arts from generation to generation.Women usually/ in a common and regular way prefer to wear the Saris like Sambalpuri Sari, Bomkai Sari, Kataki Sari or the Shalwar kameez; western clothing is becoming popular among younger women in cities and towns . The handloom sarees of Orissa can be broadly classified into four groups. They are ikat, bomkai, bandha and pasapalli. Western-style dress has gained greater acceptance in cities and towns among men, although the people prefer to wear traditional dresses like Dhoti, Kurtha and Gamucha during festivals or other religious occasions.



It is a rice dish made by adding water to cooked rice. It may then be allowed to ferment overnight, this is called basi pakhala. The unfermented version is called saja pakhala. It is served with green chillies, onions, yoghurt, badi,saga etc. It is primarily eaten in summer.


A dish made from dal and vegetables.[18] It is generally made from dal and vegetables like green papaya, unripe banana, brinjal, pumpkin, patato,etc. It is garnished with turmeric, mustard seeds, and panch phutana. There are several variations of this dish.


Odias typically eat loads of cooked green leaves of various types. They are prepared by adding "pancha phutana", with or without onion/garlic and are best enjoyed with pakhala. Other saagas that are eaten are pita gahama, khada, poi, koshala, sajana etc.


Pithas are a type of traditional Odia dishes.Poda pitha,Enduri pitha Chitau pitha,Arisa pitha,kakara pitha,Manda pitha,Parijata pitha,Nurukhurum pitha. These pitha's are enjoyed in different types of occasions and festivals like raja,astami,birthday etc.


Rasagolla, one of the most popular desserts in India, is in fact an Oriya invention.Salepur Rasagola.Rasagola, famous throughout India originated from Odisha.

Odisha has culinary tradition spanning centuries if not millennia . Chhena Poda a sweet made from soft cheese dipped in sugar syrup and baked. It may also contain dry fruits.Chhena Gaja,Malpua,Kora,Kheera sagara,Chhenna jilabi,Chhena Jhili.


Orissa is the melting pot of religion. It has a like nothing else in the world honor/difference of acting as a coming-together of many different kinds of people or things faiths like Brahmanism, Jainism, Shaivism, Vaishnavism, Islam, Christianity, & Nath Dharma.Odisha has therefore a combined mixture of the three dharmic religions as certified/promised by the fact that the Jagannath Temple in Puri is carefully thought about/believed to be holy by Hindus, Buddhists and Jains.Usually there reside a large number of social classes in a Hindu village from among the Brahmins, Karans, Khandayats or Kshatriyas and the functional social classes like weavers, braziers, goldsmiths, confectioners, milkmen, oilmen, potters, male hair stylists, washermen, etc., if the village happens to be a big one, the different social classes have their homes in different parts of the village part being called a sahi, khandi or para. The scheduled social classes too have their sahis within the villages but usually apart from its center part. Religion & culture cannot be separated in a land, which claims to celebrate thirteen special celebrations with fun events in twelve month.


Carving of sculpture in sand or sand art as is popularly called has been around a very long time in Orissa. In Orissa ,a like nothing else in the world type of art form is developed at Puri . But it spreads all over the world . To carve a sand sculpture , the raw material is the only clean and fine grained sand mixed with water . With the help of this type of sand and with the blessings of God and by the magic of fingures , an artist can carve a beautiful and attractive sculpture on the beach."Poet Balaram Das, the author of Dandi Ramayan, was a great devotee of Lord Jagannath. Once during Ratha Yatra (Car Festival), he tried to climb the chariot of Lord Jagannath to offer his prayer. Since he wasn't allowed by the priests of the chariot to climb it and also insulted by them. With a great frustration and humiliation he came to the beach (Mahodadhi) and carved the statues of Lord Jagannath, Lord Balabhadra and Devi Subhadra on the Golden sand."

There are very few people who leave their foot prints on sands. One of them is Sudarsan Pattnaik. He has magic fingers, with unlimited potentials and with huge heat to create some thing new on sand. He had always a dream that he would win a prize in an international level. For his excelent talent he travels many countries like London, France, Scotland, China, Holand, Singapore, Denmark and Italy.Sudarsan Pattnaik (born 15 April 1977) is a world-renowned Indian sand artist from Orissa. He was awarded the Padma Shri by Government of India in 2014.


Cultural attractions include the Jagannatha Temple in Puri, known for its once-a-year Rath Yatra or Car Special celebration with fun events the like nothing else in the world and beautiful cut-out design artwork of Pipili, silver decorated pretty works from Cuttack, the Patta chitras (palm leaf paintings), famous stone utensils of Nilgiri (Balasore) and different tribal influenced cultures. The Sun Temple at Konark is famous for its related to designing and constructing beautiful buildings, structures, etc. beauty while the Sambalpuri fabrics equals it in its artistic grand beauty. The Saree of Odisha is much in demand throughout the whole world. The different colors and varieties of sarees in Odisha make them very popular among the women of the state.The handloom sarees available in Odisha can be of four major types; these are Ikat, Bandha, Bomkai and Pasapalli. Odisha sarees are also available in other colours like cream, dark red, brown and rust. The tie-and-dye way of doing things used by the weavers of Odisha to create repeating ideas on these sarees is like nothing else in the world to this area. This way of doing things also gives the sarees of Odisha an identity of their own.


Odissi music is a type of writing or art of classical music in India started from the eastern state of Odisha. Indian Classical music has five significant branches: Avanti, Panchali, Odramagadhi, Hindustani and Carnatic. Of these, Odramagadhi exists in the form of Odissi music. Generally, Odissi is one of the classical dances of India sang, danced, acted, etc., in front of people with Odissi music.

Folk music of Orissa is known as 'Loka Geeta' which is not always made something look or work the same way every time and may change/differ in scale, period of time or space tonality etc. across different areas, even though the same tune is able to be seen or picked out. A song popular with a certain group of people is born-in and caused to continue by oral tradition from one generation to another. The rhythms of the songs popular with a certain group of people like the tunes, come almost naturally to the people, and without any sophistication, they appeal to the heart directly.

Odissi music is more two thousand five hundred years old and contains/makes up some categories. Of these, the five broad ones are Tribal Music, Folk music, Light Music, Light-Classical Music and Classical Music. Anyone who is trying to understand the culture of Odisha must take into account its music, which almost completely/basically forms a part of its something given to future people.

Folk music like Yogi Gita, Kendara Gita, Dhuduki Badya, Prahallad Natak, Palla, Sankirtan, Mogal Tamasa, Gitinatya, Kandhei Nacha, Kela Nacha, Ghoda Nacha, Danda Nacha and Daskathia are popular in Odisha.


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